Singapore, city-state located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, about 85 miles (137 kilometres) north of the Equator. It consists of the diamond-shaped Singapore Island and some 60 small islets; the main island occupies all but about 18 square miles of this combined area. The main island is separated from Peninsular Malaysia to the north by Johor Strait, a narrow channel crossed by a road and rail causeway more than half a mile long. The southern limits of the state-run through Singapore Strait, where outliers of the Riau-Lingga Archipelago—which forms a part of Indonesia—extend to within 10 miles of the main island.

Singapore is the largest port in Southeast Asia and one of the busiest in the world. It owes its growth and prosperity to its focal position at the southern extremity of the Malay Peninsula, where it dominates the Strait of Malacca, which connects the Indian Ocean to the South China Sea.

Singapore is in the equatorial monsoon region of Southeast Asia, and its climate is characterized by uniformly high temperatures and nearly constant precipitation throughout the year. The average monthly temperature varies from about 81° F (27° C) in June to 77° F (25° C) in January. The daily range is somewhat greater, averaging about 13° F (7° C). Singapore’s maritime location and constant humidity, however, keep maximum temperatures relatively moderate: the highest temperature ever recorded was only 97° F (36° C).

The seasons are defined by the relative incidence of rainfall, which, in turn, is determined by the movements of the monsoon air masses. The wettest and windiest period is during the northeast monsoon (November–March), with rainfall reaching an average monthly high of more than 10 inches (250 millimetres) in December. Conversely, the period with the least rainfall and the lightest winds is during the southwest monsoon (May–September), with rainfall dropping to a monthly low of less than 7 inches in July. April and October are intermonsoonal periods characterized by sluggish air movements, intense afternoon showers, and thunderstorms. Altogether, Singapore’s precipitation averages about 95 inches annually, and rain falls somewhere on the island every day of the year.

Mandarin Chinese, Malay, Tamil, and English all coexist in Singapore as official languages, a demonstration of the melting pot the country represents. English is fine!

Singapore was a British possession for many years. In the city-state of Singapore, it was widely accepted. As a result, the English of residents is excellent, and you'll have no problem communicating with them, even the ones who are native Malay or Mandarin speakers.

The official currency of Singapore is the Singapore dollar (SGD), abbreviated as S$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies.

The SGD is divided into 100 cents and comes in coin and banknote denominations. Coins are available in denominations of 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents, as well as 1 dollar. Banknotes are available in denominations of 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, and 10,000 dollars.

The SGD is widely accepted throughout Singapore and can be easily exchanged at banks, money changers, and hotels. Credit cards are also widely accepted, particularly in major tourist areas and shopping centers.

Part of the Data originated from Encyclopædia Britannica. For more details about Singapore, please visit